13 April 2024

Scrum framework : the three pillars, Transparency, Inspection and Adaptation

The Scrum framework consists of Scrum Teams and their associated accountabilities, artifacts, events and rules as defined in the Scrum Guide.

Scrum pillars

  • In the Scrum framework three pillars uphold every implementation of empirical process control :
    • Transparency
    • Inspection
    • Adaptation
  • When the 5 Values are embodied by the Scrum Team and the people they work with, the empirical Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation come to life building trust.

Transparency definition

  • Transparency means significant aspects of the process must be defined by a common standard and visible to those responsible for the outcome.
    • Transparency means the process is understandable by all stakeholders.

Transparency purpose

  • Transparency enables inspection, inspection without transparency is misleading and wasteful.
    • The emergent process and work must be visible to those performing the work as well as those receiving the work.
      • With Scrum, important decisions are based on the perceived state of its three formal Artifacts.
    • Transparency increases the value and control risk of the decisions made to optimize value in Scrum.
      • Artifacts that have low transparency can lead to decisions that diminish value and increase risk.

Transparency practice

  • Scrum is based on agile so collaboration is the most important thing that can help the Team to increase transparency.
    • Also, effective collaboration needs a common language.
    • Transparency can be created by having a common language referring to the process that is shared by the participants.
  • In addition, having a Definition of Done (DoD) is another important thing that can increase transparency.
    • Transparency requires that those performing the work and those inspecting it share a common Definition of “Done.”

Inspection definition

  • The Artifacts and the progress toward agreed goals must be inspected frequently and diligently to detect potentially undesirable variances or problems.

Inspection purpose

  • To help with inspection, Scrum provides cadence in the form of its five Events.
  • Inspection enables adaptation, inspection without adaptation is considered pointless.

Inspection practice

  • Events are designed to provoke change.
    • Inspection should be done with artifacts/progress frequently enough to detect undesirable variances, but not so frequently that it becomes an obstruction.
    • Inspection is most beneficial when done at the point of work by skilled inspectors.

Adaptation definition

  • A Scrum Team is expected to adapt the moment it learns anything new through inspection.
    • If any aspects of a process deviate outside acceptable limits or if the resulting product is unacceptable, the process being applied or the materials being produced must be adjusted.
    • The adjustment must be made as soon as possible to minimize further deviation.-

Adaptation purpose

  • When an inspector determines that one or more aspects of the process deviate outside the acceptable limits, the product becomes unacceptable.
    • So this process/material must be adjusted.

Adaptation practice

  • Adaptation becomes more difficult when the people involved are not empowered or self-managing.
  • When should a process adjustment occur ?
    • After it is deemed necessary as soon as possible in order to avoid deviation.

Inspect and Adapt

More informations for the Scrum PSD certification here.

Scrum for Developers : Scrum PSD flashcards

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